- 30 Nov 2016Country:Body:The city is the engine of the food economy: Rural populations tend to concentrate in areas near cities. The growth of cities therefore stimulates the integration of rural and urban areas, and the vector of integration is trade. Markets provide at least two-thirds of household food consumption in West Africa.
- 30 Nov 2016Body:The city as an accelerator of demographic transition: Urbanisation is a powerful force for lowering fertility. It promotes the education of girls and facilitates access to healthcare; it offers more employment opportunities for women; access to information and dissemination of ideas and attitudes happens faster than in rural areas; and housing is more expensive and is, therefore, less spacious.
- 30 Nov 2016Body:Food security in cities: Urban food insecurity is a real problem, the scale of which is likely to increase as urban populations expand. The problem is poorly documented, however, and its unique characteristics should be better taken into account in food and nutrition monitoring systems.
- 30 Nov 2016Topics:Body:The food economy - rural and urban, primary, secondary and tertiary, formal and informal - is much larger than the agricultural economy alone and has the potential to create more growth and more jobs. Since it focuses on the domestic market, which has a high growth rate, it is not as volatile and should be the keystone of economic policies. Cross‑cutting and multi-sectoral strategies are needed to enhance the food economy’s potential.
- 30 Nov 2016Body:Irreversible urbanisation: Africa is the least urbanised continent in the world, but an irreversible urban transition is very much underway. In West Africa, the number of urban agglomerations increased from 152 in 1950 to almost 2 000 in 2010.
- 20 Oct 2016Topics:Body:The 2016 United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (Habitat III) was held in Quito, Ecuador, from 12-20 October. Africa’s housing issues were discussed in several workshops, and one of the panels, organised by the Ghana branch of the Affordable Housing Network, was specifically devoted to West Africa.
- 29 Sep 2016Body:Co-hosted for the first time by the OECD Development Centre and the Sahel and West Africa Club (SWAC) in partnership with the African Union Commission (AUC), the Forum was held on 29 September at the OECD Conference Centre in Paris on the topic of, “African cities for Africa’s development.” Laurent Bossard, Director of the Sahel and West Africa Club Secretariat (SWAC/OECD) moderated the debate of Session 1 on the theme, “Urbanisation: An Engine of Transformation for Africa?”
- 08 Jun 2016Opinion:Body:In an article posted on the new OECD blog on development, "Development Matters", UN-Habitat Executive Director Joan Clos explains why the challenges of the 21st century require a new concept of urbanisation in Africa. If African cities do not facilitate intra-city movement and do not improve their connections with rural areas, their urbanisation will not support the economic opportunities urbanisation has created elsewhere.