- Topics:SWAC:Body:Gender profoundly affects livelihood prospects and generates many inequalities that limit West African women’s participation in the food system. Drawing on work conducted by the Sahel and West Africa Club Secretariat (SWAC/OECD), this article, published by Olivier Walther, Michel Tenikue and Marie Trémolières in the World Development magazine, measures the effects of income and gender on informal social networks in the rice value chain. The analysis shows that monthly profit of entrepreneurs is determined by their structural position within the rice value chain.
- 26 Aug 2019Topics:Members:Body:The world’s leaders, including five African presidents, met at the G7 Summit in Biarritz in France from 24-26 August 2019, and placed the fight against inequality at the heart of their discussions. Beyond the major global challenges (survival of the Amazon; global trade; stability in Iran, Libya and Hong Kong) the G7 agenda also included a strong focus on Africa. G7 leaders announced an USD 251 million package to support women entrepreneurs in Africa. France and Germany intend to launch the Partnership for Security and Stability in the Sahel. Canada and Japan will join the Sahel Alliance as observers. What else has been decided at the Biarritz summit?
The Senegal National Agency for Statistics and Demography (ANSD) and OECD-based Paris21 agency held a joint workshop on 12 August in Dakar to enhance data planning and discuss a new gender statistics project. Some 40 participants took part in a training session on the Advanced Data Planning Tool (ADAPT), a free cloud-based planning tool. Paris21 developed the tool to help national statistics offices and other data producers adapt their data production to from policymakers’ priority data needs.
- Opinion:Body:The empowerment of girls and young women, promoted by a large number of development programmes and contraceptive awareness-raising campaigns, face many barriers that are rooted in local, societal and religious norms. “These deeply rooted resistances should not be underestimated”, explains Assiatou Diarra, a doctor and anthropologist from Niger in an article published by Le Monde diplomatique.
- 20 Jul 2019Topics:Body:Where do rural youth live and how do they engage with the economy? How can young rural women be empowered? How can rural youth prosper in changing agrifood systems? What makes climate change a youth issue? The IFAD Rural Development Report 2019 analyses key challenges of the rural transformation process and opportunities available to rural youth while encouraging thinking differently about investing in rural youth.
- Body:Oxfam published a new report on rising inequality in the Sahel. Beyond the many security, humanitarian and environmental challenges, the problems in the Sahel have their roots in the inequality and the strong sense of injustice among the region’s people, particularly young people. The report offers a series of recommendations in order to reduce inequality and deliver on the SDGs. They notably call upon Sahelian countries to uphold their commitments and allocate at least 20% of their national budgets to education and 15% to health. Moreover, the G5 Sahel should place more emphasis on development and governance.
- 31 Mar 2019SWAC:Body:Anaemia is reaching extremely high levels in the Sahel and West Africa. Fourteen countries in the region have a prevalence of over 40% (severe) among women of reproductive age. Twelve West African countries feature among the twenty countries with the highest prevalence in the world. Globally, the prevalence of anaemia reduced between 1995 and 2011, from 33% to 29% among non-pregnant women and from 43% to 38% among pregnant women.
- Country:SWAC:Body:Polygamy has declined in the last decade but remains common in West Africa. For example, 33% of women in Nigeria reported that their husbands have more than one wife (Demographic and Health Survey, 2013). Six West African countries have civil codes that formally prohibit polygamy (Benin, Cabo Verde, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea and Nigeria) but legal restrictions are rarely enforced.
- Opinion:Body:The number of women seeking divorces is increasing overall in West Africa. “Frustrated by their husbands’ inability to earn a living, and in a society where basic views on relationships have changed, women are asserting more control over their marriages,” explains Dionne Searcey, West Africa bureau chief for The New York Times. Her article offers a series of testimonies from women’s divorce cases. While divorce does not always have a positive outcome, it is a sign that women know their rights and are demanding respect and happiness in their marriages.
- 04 Jan 2019Country:Body:Guinean deputies passed a new civil code on 29 December 2018 to modernise its laws, but the text sparked controversy as it formally legalises polygamy. Guinea’s president is now trying to stop the new code. President Alpha Condé said, “How can Guinea adopt monogamy in 1960 and intend to legalise polygamy in 2018?”