Democracy & Peace

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    In Mali, “the Algiers Process is painfully slow, and peace is not advancing,” noted Jean-Hervé Jezequel, Deputy Project Director for West Africa at the International Crisis Group, offering his analysis of the situation in an interview on the website Sahelien.com. “The setting up of the interim authorities is a significant step towards clarifying the division of responsibilities and power in the north of the country. Beyond local tensions, it is also interesting to note that young Malians have been appointed to important positions (sometimes because they are the only graduates). But this remains a fragile and insufficient step,” he said. Read on
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    Members of the Algiers Process Mediation Team, ECOWAS, the African Union, the European Union and the United Nations issued a joint declaration calling for further implementation of the Peace and Reconciliation Accord in Mali. The organisations congratulate the signatory parties on the establishment of interim authorities in Kidal, Ménaka and Gao, and encourage them to rapidly establish authorities in the Taoudeni and Timbuktu regions. Read on
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    SWAC: 
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    Women in West Africa - as in many other parts of the world - remain largely underrepresented in the political sphere. When we look at the national percentages, women occupy only 421 seats in West African parliaments, representing 16.1% of all lawmakers. Twelve out of the 17 West African countries have averages that are below the world average of 23.3%. Senegal is a notable exception. Read on
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    Ghana is 60 years old. This birthday is an opportunity to review some of the country’s great achievements since it gained independence in 1957. Its first achievement is the country’s political stability. It has undergone several elections and changes of governments that were conducted without violence. In 2016, Ghana was ranked as the sixth most peaceful country in Africa and the 44th in the world. Read on
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    On 18 February, Adama Barrow was officially inaugurated as the third President of the Republic of The Gambia, timely coinciding with Gambia’s Independence Day. After more than a month and a half of uncertainty about the future of the country following President Yahya Jammeh’s refusal to recognise his defeat after the 1 December 2016 elections, he finally agreed to step down under the threat of ECOWAS soldiers and went into exile in Equatorial Guinea. This allowed Barrow, the victorious winner who was himself exiled in Senegal, to return to the country. The outcome of the Gambian crisis has provoked different reactions. Read on
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    The UN Security Council has established 30 March 2018 as the end the UN peacekeeping mission in Liberia (UNMIL), which has been deployed in the country since 2003. Since its arrival, the mission has: accompanied the country’s political transition, supported the process of national reconciliation and, more recently, contributed to the fight against the Ebola epidemic. Read on
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    The murderous attack on the Joint Operational Mechanism base in Gao on 18 January threatens to undermine efforts to achieve peace in Mali. The attack, which killed nearly 80 people and injured more than 100, targeted a key feature of the Algiers peace agreement: joint patrols. These patrols, which bring together soldiers from the Malian military, members of the Co-ordination of Azawad Movements as well as from several militia groups, are aimed at securing areas that are currently beyond the control of authorities, particularly in the north. Read on
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    At a ceremony held on 11 January 2017 in Abuja, the Government of the United States presented the ECOWAS Commission with a container of Information and Communication Technology equipment. This donation is intended to strengthen the regional organisation’s early warning systems. Read on
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    On 13 January 2017 in New York, Mohamed Ibn Chambas, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS), briefed the UN Security Council on West Africa’s status. Even though Ibn Chambas welcomes the region’s progress on democracy, where most of the recent elections have taken place without irregularities, he expressed concern about the political crisis in The Gambia. Read on
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    The 27th Africa-France Summit was held on 13-14 January 2017 in Bamako. The summit’s two main themes were: “Peace and Security” and “Emergence, Economy and Development.” François Hollande’s choice to hold the summit in Mali allowed recalling some of his greatest foreign policy achievements. Indeed, it is in Mali that President Hollande launched Operation Serval on 11 January 2013 to counter the jihadist insurgency in the northern part of the country. Read on

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