30 Nov 2016
Agriculture & Fisheries
- 30 Nov 2016Body:West African agriculture has risen to the challenge of population growth: After two decades of stagnation, agriculture took off in the middle of the 1980s. In 30 years, agricultural production has increased at a much faster rate than the population and the supply of locally-produced food increased from 1 700 to 2 400 kilocalories per person per day (Kcal/person/day). In most West African countries, dependence on food imports has not increased.
- 30 Nov 2016Body:Undernourishment has decreased: The West Africa region leads the continent in progress toward reducing the number of people suffering from hunger and malnutrition. Despite rapid population growth across the region and recurrent droughts in the Sahel, West Africa has reduced the prevalence of undernourishment by 60% over the last two decades, from 24.2% in 1990-92 to 9.6% in 2014-16.
- 30 Nov 2016Body:35 million people are still undernourished: Despite a significant decrease in undernourishment, many West Africans have been left behind. 10% of the population – around 35 million people – still suffer from chronic undernourishment or malnutrition. Among those particularly touched are the households of farmers excluded from the market, agro-pastoralists or pastoralists over-dependent on livestock and threatened by repeated droughts, and poor workers in the informal economy.
- 30 Nov 2016Country:Body:The city is the engine of the food economy: Rural populations tend to concentrate in areas near cities. The growth of cities therefore stimulates the integration of rural and urban areas, and the vector of integration is trade. Markets provide at least two-thirds of household food consumption in West Africa.
- 30 Nov 2016Country:Body:The food economy: a primary source of employment: Agriculture represents only 60% of the food economy. The economic activities that take place upstream (input supply, seeds) and downstream (processing, trade) account for 40%. The food industry is growing faster than agricultural production. It consists of numerous and increasingly complex value chains.
- 30 Nov 2016Body:Food security in cities: Urban food insecurity is a real problem, the scale of which is likely to increase as urban populations expand. The problem is poorly documented, however, and its unique characteristics should be better taken into account in food and nutrition monitoring systems.
- 30 Nov 2016Topics:Body:The food economy - rural and urban, primary, secondary and tertiary, formal and informal - is much larger than the agricultural economy alone and has the potential to create more growth and more jobs. Since it focuses on the domestic market, which has a high growth rate, it is not as volatile and should be the keystone of economic policies. Cross‑cutting and multi-sectoral strategies are needed to enhance the food economy’s potential.
- 28 Nov 2016Opinion:Body:In an op-ed in Jeune Afrique, NEPAD Executive Secretary Ibrahim Assane Mayaki delivered his vision of Africa’s COP22 priorities. According to his analysis, climate change adaptation is the number one priority for Africa.
- Country:RPCA:Body:The October 2016 analysis of the Cadre harmonisé expanded its coverage to include, for the first time, 16 out of 36 Nigerian states, almost half of the country. In these states, some 8 million people are currently facing acute food insecurity (phases 3-5, October-December 2016).