One out of three people in northeastern Nigeria faced with acute food insecurity
According to the findings of the Cadre harmonisé analysis of August 2016, some 4.4 million people in northeastern Nigeria were facing acute food insecurity (phases 3-5) requiring urgent humanitarian assistance. In the worst affected and less accessible pockets of Borno state, nearly 60 000 people face the threat of famine (phase 5). Boko Haram attacks and suicide bombings continue to cause fatalities and large-scale population displacement. This has had a negative impact on food consumption and livelihood activities within both displaced and host community households. The situation continues to be particularly alarming in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe which host large numbers of internally displaced people (IDPs). According to the International Organization for Migration’s (IOM) June 2016 report, there are over 1.4 million IDPs in Borno, 159 445 in Adamawa and 111 671 in Yobe. New arrivals of IDPs put additional stress on host communities. Food availability is extremely limited and there has been no food production for the last three years. Consequently, household and market food stocks have been depleted and some areas have no access to markets. The depreciation of the Naira puts additional pressure on food prices, further diminishing households’ purchasing power. The prevalence of malnutrition in many areas is above the critical threshold. Some extremely high rates of under-five mortality have been recorded in the Bama area of Borno state. The situation might be as severe in non-accessible areas.