Nearly 30% of the West Africans lack access to an improved water source
According to the Millennium Development Goals Report 2015, 91% of the global population is using an improved drinking water source. However, Africa still lags behind: almost half of those who do not benefit from access to an improved drinking water source live in sub-Saharan Africa (330 million people), including a large number of people in the Sahel region. Nearly 30% of the West African population does not have access to an improved drinking water source. While disparities between rural and urban areas are decreasing, significant gaps remain. In Niger, for example, almost all urban dwellers enjoy access to an improved drinking water source; in contrast, half of the rural population remains deprived. According to FAO Aquastat estimates, between 2013 and 2017, nearly half of Chadians will not have access to an improved drinking water source; the situation also remains of serious concern in Mauritania (42.1% without access). Among the Sahelian countries, only Burkina Faso and Mali have achieved Target C of MDG 7 relating to access to safe drinking water; no Sahelian country has achieved the goal relating to access to basic sanitation services.