Mini-migration summit in Paris
African and European leaders from Chad, France, Germany, Italy, Libya, Niger and Spain met on 28 August in Paris to discuss how to better tackle migration flows from Africa to Europe. As a follow-up to the Valletta Summit on migration in 2015, they agreed on a short-term action plan to crack down on networks of people smugglers and to stop illegal migration, via Libya, to Italy and other European countries. European leaders notably confirmed their continued support for strengthening government bodies and border control facilities in northern Chad and Niger in order to stop illegal migration via Libya. European powers also agreed to better co-ordinate their efforts to create political unity in Libya. President Issoufou of Niger and President Déby of Chad underscored that the root causes of illegal migration must be addressed and called for additional support to fight poverty and insecurity in their respective countries. President Emmanuel Macron of France said the migration crisis was a “challenge for the European Union and the African Union” that needs to be approached with “solidarity, humanity and efficiency.” In her statement, EU High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini confirmed the Union’s commitment to help African countries deal with returning asylum seekers and prevent further migration flows. The EU is spending EUR100 million to fund International Organisation for Migration (IOM) centres in 14 African countries, including Chad, Niger and Libya. According to IOM, nearly 100 000 people have reached Italy from Africa since the beginning of 2017. An estimated 2 400 people are dead or missing in the Mediterranean.
Joint Declaration (French)