Internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Africa, 2015
Half a million refugees in Chad and Niger: At the global level, forced displacement hit a record high in 2015. According to the UNHCR Global Trends 2015, some 65.3 million individuals were forcibly displaced worldwide as a result of persecution, conflict, generalised violence or human rights violations. This is 5.8 million more people than in 2014. Sub-Saharan Africa hosts about 29% of the world’s displaced people. In West Africa, forced displacement is a major concern around the Lake Chad basin. Violence and human rights abuses in northern Nigeria have left nearly 2.2 million people internally displaced. Over 200 000 others are sheltering in neighbouring Cameroun, Chad and Niger. Chad hosts one out of two refugees in West Africa, representing a total of 370 000 refugees plus another 52 000 internally displaced persons (IDPs). Niger hosts some 125 000 refugees and 137 000 IDPs. At the end of 2015, Chad ranked fifth worldwide for its refugees/inhabitants ratio, hosting 26 refugees per 1 000 inhabitants.