Hunger trends in West Africa


Chad and Sierra Leone are among the eight countries with food insecurity levels categorised as "alarming" in the 2015 Global Hunger Index (GHI) from the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). Chad's 2015 GHI score of 46.4 is second only to the Central African Republic (46.9). The country has made limited progress in the past decade, reducing its hunger score by just 6.7 points from 53.1 in 2005. By contrast, there are some improvements in Sierra Leone as the country’s high score of 38.9 has been  reduced by 13.5 points since 2005. The scores of Niger (34.5) and Nigeria (32.8) are both very close to the “alarming level” of food insecurity which is particularly worrying for Africa’s most populous country. Most other West African countries registered scores showing food insecurity in the "serious" range. Ghana is the only West African country that is ranked in the green area, indicating a “moderate level” of food insecurity. Cape Verde was not studied. Overall the world has achieved significant progress in reducing hunger. The global GHI score for 2015 is 21.7, down 27% from 29.9 in 2000. Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest regional GHI at 32.2. Achieving the Zero Hunger goal remains a key priority for West Africa, in particular within the Global Alliance for Resilience (AGIR) – Sahel and West Africa.

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