Morocco is the world’s leading producer and exporter of hashish; the country was the source of 15% of world-wide consumption in 2010. Its consumer markets are based in Europe and, to a lesser extent, the Middle East. Most of the goods enter Europe directly from Morocco or other Maghreb countries. However, some of the merchandise travels over Saharan routes, especially the Saharan portion of Sahel countries, before heading back toward North Africa (Libya and Egypt) or to the Red Sea and Middle Eastern markets. Hashish is the primary drug transiting through northern Mauritania and Mali. In Mali, various communities compete to control its trade.