Fertility rate and school enrolment
The education of girls contributes to reducing fertility: The number of children per woman of childbearing age (five West African countries are among the top 10 in the world) is significantly correlated to the prevalence of early marriage, the fertility rate of girls and their level of education. Significant efforts are being made in the area of education, however, the effect is mitigated by the rate of population growth. In Mali, children under five are half as likely to experience stunting if the mother has attended middle school. The demographic transition and the fight against malnutrition rely heavily on the condition of girls and women.