Distribution of West African emigrants, 2015

High regional mobility: West Africans are among the most mobile populations in the world. Intra-regional mobility is almost seven times greater than the volume of migration from West Africa to the rest of the world. The ECOWAS Protocol on the Free Movement of Persons, Residence, and Establishment (1979) favours intra‑regional mobility, although its application still encounters numerous obstacles on the ground. This protocol and its additional texts reflect the political will of ECOWAS member states to place regional mobility at the heart of the regional integration process.

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