Distribution of household food consumption, 2010
Food security in cities: Urban food insecurity is a real problem, the scale of which is likely to increase as urban populations expand. The problem is poorly documented, however, and its unique characteristics should be better taken into account in food and nutrition monitoring systems. In particular, urban households depend almost exclusively on the market for food. Food security, therefore, depends on the level and stability of food prices. And prices depend on how well the entire food chain (production, processing, transportation, storage and distribution) functions (slide 33, “Food value chain”). These processes might face obstacles and shocks that must be anticipated by food crisis prevention mechanisms. In addition, it is important to take into account the fact that the composition of the household food basket in urban areas is significantly different than that of rural areas.