West Africa @COP 23
COP23 opened in Bonn, Germany, on 6 November. The event, which brings together between 15 000 and 20 000 participants from around the world, is an opportunity to take stock of the implementation process of the 2015 Paris agreement, which went into effect last year, and of the improvements to the global climate agreement, which were adopted at COP22 in Marrakech. Africa, which is extremely affected by climate change, is at the centre of the discussions – a fact highlighted by the creation “Africa Day” during this edition, which is organised jointly by the AfDB, the African Union, UNECA and NEPAD. The continent’s core concern is its ability to put the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs), which were announced at COP21 in Paris, into operation from a financial perspective. This issue was discussed in the West African context at a side event organised on 9 November by CILSS, ECOWAS, UEMOA, BOAD and OIF. Several senior institutional leaders discussed the progress that has been made with respect to the Paris agreement using the regional roadmap, before presenting the various mechanisms that the region is using to accelerate the process. Similarly, UCLG and Energies 2050 have launched a task force to help African cities and territories access climate financing and they presented their roadmap to help African local governments improve 90% of its surface area since 1960. These developments were discussed at a meeting of the expert joint working group of the Sahel region climate committee’s member countries.